More Reflections by Madagascar Team on Field Visit in Guangxi, China

– China/IFAD South-South Cooperation Seminar
28 September

The visited zone is like Malagasy’s landscape. There are many similarities in term of climate, vegetation, topography and crops cultivated such as rice, cassava, potato, sugar cane, … However, the whole arable soils having farming vocation are cultivated with bamboo even in a slope.

The IFAD project in the west of Guangxi intervenes in very remote areas. The project adopted an integrated approach. In spite of the high cost of the infrastructures and the funding by beneficiary ratio, the project gave a vital importance of fighting against poverty in this zone where a very vulnerable ethnic minority lives. For example, the Chinese Government solved the problem of drinkable water conveyance several villages of the Karst zone inhabited by minority ethnic groups, through an innovating experiment of drinkable water conveyance starting from underground water. The wiliness and implication of the Chinese Government are strong in term of investment, coaching and monitoring.

Implemented activities met the needs for the vulnerable groups: breeding of goats for the people old, road building for poor remote villages, popularization of biogas combined with the use of the residues of the digester like organic fertilizer, watershed development of the slopes of hill by the plantation of bamboos, eucalyptus and pines, equipped the village by the construction of community infrastructures like the sports ground and the rest area, the installation of the rural tracks, the improvement of the incomes by diversification like the culture of bamboos and the improvement of the techniques of breeding of black goats.

It is noted during the field visit that the living conditions of the rural population are really improved: construction of more comfortable dwelling house equipped with a biogas system; the majority of the household have the satellite television and there is the food self-sufficiency of the households as well. The children go to the school and the population profits from an access to the medical care of proximity.

The efforts carried out by the beneficiaries are impressive: plantation of bamboos on the slopes of mountains and participation in the building work of roads and infrastructures under difficult conditions. But there is also the contribution of the members of the community having migrated towards the cities partly ensures also the financing infrastructures. That ensures a income transfer from the economic growth to the rural areas.

In addition, the field visit allowed to note the development of the electrification of the remote rural zones. Almost the whole of the households in China profits from electricity. And the peasants also live in full safety.

We could appreciate the improvement of the standard of living of the minorities and we were convinced that all of them will be able ensure food security for the future.

Sun Yinhong
IFAD Country Presence Officer


Chase Palmeri said…
The Guangxi project is remarkable, and by now well-known, for its achievements on several fronts. Biogas is one. I wonder if the participants think that the biogas technology would be suitable in Viet Nam or Rwanda or Madagsacar? Also, I know that in the Guangxi project some tea farmers went to do work/study periods with larger commercial enterprises in or near the project area. Would that be something that participants might introduce in their projects back home?