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Por Yohanis Amador, Coordinadora del Fondo de Mujeres AYNI
El Fondo de Mujeres Indígenas - AYNI es uno de los programas emblemáticos de FIMI. Es el unico Fondo guiado por y para las mujeres indígenas. AYNI significa en quechua reciprocidad, solidaridad y trabajo mancomunado.

Desde 2011, el Foro Internacional de Mujeres Indígenas (FIMI) somos la organización que administra en América Latina y el Caribe el Fondo de Apoyo a los Pueblos Indígenas (IPAF, por sus siglas en inglés). Estos tres años de intenso trabajo han supuesto para nosotros y para nuestras organizaciones aliadas un camino de empoderamiento y crecimiento.

El IPAF, que ya había sido puesto en marcha por el Fondo Internacional para el Desarrollo Agrícola (FIDA) en 2007, busca apoyar pequeños  proyectos que promuevan el desarrollo respetando la cultura e identidad de las comunidades indígenas, en línea con la Declaración de las Naciones Unidas sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas.

Estos proyectos desarrollados por nosotros los pueblos indígenas y nuestras organizaciones buscan  mejorar nuestra seguridad alimentaria, afianzar nuestra identidad cultural y ganar espacios de participación política y económica.

La Directora de FIMI, Doña Otilia Lux de Coti
© FIMI

Buscamos siempre que sean experiencias autónomas, significativas y replicables. En ese sentido, tiene un gran valor simbólico y práctico el hecho que el Fondo IPAF haya sido descentralizado y sea actualmente administrado por organizaciones indígenas como FIMI en las Américas . Simbólico porque reconoce la capacidad de autonomía que tenemos los pueblos y organizaciones indígenas. Práctico porque nadie cómo las propias organizaciones indígenas pueden identificar las prioridades y necesidades.

Un tema clave en todo el camino recorrido a lo largo de estos años ha sido la sostenibilidad de los proyectos. La experiencia nos ha demostrado que ésta depende del  grado de involucración de las comunidades. Una vez más, la cuestión de la autonomía.

Esa autonomía conquistada por nuestros pueblos y organizaciones no sin sacrificios, es una tarea continúa, un proceso cuyos resultados positivos se han hecho evidentes en el reciente Encuentro Regional de Proyectos IPAF-FIDA  desarrollado del 27 al 29 de Octubre en Managua, Nicaragua. Allí, representantes de 10 proyectos 1  se reunieron con el objetivo de intercambiar experiencias, compartir lecciones aprendidas y estrategias para superar los obstáculos enfrentados.

Entre esas estrategias figuran programas de revitalización cultural, muy importantes para el fortalecimiento de la identidad de pueblos y organizaciones indígenas.

Los y las representantes del Programa de Desarrollo Integral Interdisciplinario de Bolivia nos contaron cómo los saberes y prácticas ancestrales han sido la base del desarrollo de políticas de seguridad alimentaria para la presente y las futuras generaciones. Los y las compañeras del  Pueblo Indígena de Mozonte explicaron cómo han fomentado su identidad a través de la gastronomía, la música, la danza y la artesanía.

Las mujeres indígenas han ido ganado con los años espacios de participación en sus pueblos y organizaciones, así como en la sociedad en general.

Las compañeras del Fondo Páez de Colombia destacaron el rol de la mujer como responsables de mantener la convivencia familiar y la importancia de hacerse escuchar para ser respetadas.  Las representantes de la Asociación Comunal Inkawasi Awana de Perú explicaron cómo pusieron en marcha capacitaciones para fortalecer sus conocimientos sobre los derechos de las mujeres indígenas. Las delegadas de la Asociación Desarrollo Comunitario de Guatemala destacaron la  importancia de la participación activa de las mujeres indígenas en la esfera económica, mostrando cómo a través de sus proyectos las mujeres han avanzado. Muchas tienen hoy sus propios negocios, lo cual potencia su liderazgo individual y colectivo.

Mujeres indigenas de la etnia mayagna -  Nicaragua
© FIMI
Estos son tan solo algunos ejemplos. Desde que FIMI se hizo cargo de la administración de los fondos del IPAF para América Latina, se han concedido 12 donaciones por valor de 467.000 dólares a 12 proyectos en 10 países.

El camino recorrido no ha sido siempre fácil, y hemos encontrado desafíos y dificultades, como el proceso de desembolsos de dinero para los proyectos de organizaciones que se encuentran en zonas muy aisladas y que tenían poca experiencia en el sistema bancario, o el cambio en los gobiernos territoriales durante la ejecución de los proyectos.

Todos y cada uno de los desafíos nos han hecho crecer como organización. FIMI ha ampliado su experiencia y nos hemos fortalecido como red global. Entre otros logros, hemos  desarrollado e implementado una estrategia de monitoreo y evaluación adaptada a las características, demandas y necesidades de pueblos y organizaciones indígenas.  

El taller de Managua no es sino parte de un proceso mucho más amplio. Un proceso de diálogo, aprendizaje e intercambio que será continuado en el taller regional de Paraguay los días 18 y 19 de diciembre y en el Foro de los Pueblos Indígenas que se reunirá en Roma en febrero de 2015.

En todo este camino, el acompañamiento y compromiso del FIDA con los pueblos indígenas y su lucha para una participación plena y efectiva en los procesos de toma de decisión en los niveles nacionales, regionales e internacionales han sido muy importantes. El camino continua y estamos seguros de que seguiremos fortaleciendo nuestra alianza con el FIDA para seguir creciendo.

Participantes en el taller de FIMI en Managua
© FIMI


[1] Organizaciones participantes: Sarstoon Temash Institute for Indigenous Management (Belize); Programa de Desarrollo Integral Interdisciplinario (Bolivia); Comunidad indígena Llaguipulli (Chile); Asociación kwe´s uma kiwe peykajn mjinxisa - Fondo Paez (Colombia); Asociación de Desarrollo Comunitario (Guatemala); Asamblea Mixe para el Desarrollo Sostenible A.C. (México); Gobierno Territorial Indígena Mayangna Sauni As (Nicaragua); Pueblo Indígena de Mozonte (Nicaragua); Asociación Comunal Inkawasi Awana (Perú); Vereniging van Inheemse Dorpshoofden in Suriname (Asociación de Líderes de Poblaciones Indígenas de Suriname).

Closing International Year of Family Farming - drawing lessons

Posted by Benoit THIERRY Thursday, November 27, 2014 0 comments


With the closing of International Year of Family Farming many events are being organized in Manila. The week started with a Knowledge sharing fair co-organised by IFAD and Farmers Organisations which gathered 367 participants.

 
8th KLM ENGAGES POLICIES ON FAMILY FARMING

Family farmer representatives are banking their hopes on the policy engagement opportunity opened during the 8th Knowledge and Learning Market-Policy Engagement of the International Year of Family Farming by the International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD) in partnership with the Department of Agriculture (DA), and the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR).

 Issues and concerns relating to asset reform: land and water rights, ancestral lands, enterprise development: production enhancement marketing, rural financing, governance, climate resiliency and young farmers were tackled to support and promote the best welfare of family farmers in the Philippines providing them the opportunity to lobby their issues and concerns to the policy makers including the government, local government units, private sectors and other sectors.

This is part of the activity’s objective to generate policy briefs on family farming for legislative and executive action and formulate a Philippine declaration of support and commitment to family farming. This policy engagement holds a major bulk of this year’s KLM that champions family farmers.

By highlighting the need to listen, consider, and respond to the voice of the family farmers, more comprehensive policies are expected to be processed and enacted in time to uphold every farmer families’ welfare and being. Although, policy dialogue during this event is just another starting step toward achieving this endeavor, it serves as a strong foundation to respond to this long cry for justice, support and people empowerment of every family farmer in the country.
 
More information at :


Recognition of Outstanding Farm Families :
 


 
 
IYFF KLM-PE Day 1 : Sharing Success Stories
24 November--The break-out sessions on family farming success stories in reference to Asset Reform (PAKISAMA/ANGOC-lead), Enterprise Development (AgriCord Philippine Synergy Group-lead), Governance (PhilFaFo-lead), Climate Resilience (AsiaDHRRA-lead), and Young Farmers (PAKISAMA-lead), were the highlight of the afternoon programme of the International Year of Family Farming Knowledge Learning Market-Policy Engagem...ent.
Each group were given two-hour sessions and also as preparation for the policy engagement forum (November 25).The participants of the five groups were convened to share the highlights of their dialogue, including the story of their case studies, success and lessons learned in family farming.
Mark Langtiwan from the Young Farmers group, especially caught the attention of the audience by telling the ideals of the Young Farmers.
“We should not instil in the minds our children that becoming a farmer is a punishment if they don’t want to pursue education. Take pride in farming because we are feeding the world. Hindi ‘lang’ ang farming.”
Sessions’ Synthesis
Meanwhile, Ms. Lany Rebagay of AFA synthesized the success stories presented into three parts- the measures of success, challenges, success factor, and lessons learned.
One huge measure of success is sufficient income and organic farming has potential as evident in the case stories presented by the subgroups although further incentive to farmers is recommended.
Rebagay further distinguished one success factor that is common in the stories of the farmers-- and that is “Madiskarte ang pamilyang magsasaka (Family farmers are innovative and resourceful)”.

This Has to Stop

Posted by daniela cuneo Tuesday, November 25, 2014 2 comments

by Jessica Thomas

Can you think of a business that is  three times more profitable than Apple? A business that involves 35.8 million people and operates in every single country of the world?

You may not be able to come up with the name because it doesn't have a name, it doesn't have a brand, but it's there and regretfully, it's a huge business…..

I am talking about the business of human trafficking or human slavery, one of the most flourishing and profitable criminal industries in the world.

Last week I was lucky enough to attend the Trust Women Conference in London. At this two-day event I heard 'There are more slaves today than ever before in history’. When I heard this statement I thought, how can that be, it is definitely wrong. But when I saw the facts and statistics, and heard testimonials from the survivors, I was stunned by the atrocities but heartened that so many people, companies and organizations are giving their time, energy and ideas to stop this silent crime.




Human trafficking is the immoral and illegal buying and selling of human beings as commodities to meet global demands for forced labour or commercial sexual slavery. While women and girls are the most vulnerable and make up 66% of the total annual trafficking, this terrible crime does not spare children and men, who respectively constitute 22% and 12% of the total.

The Trust Women Conference aims to put the rule of law behind women’s rights through concrete action. The annual conference brings together global corporations, lawyers, and pioneers in the field of women's rights to take action and forge tangible commitments to empower women.

Over 500 participants from 55 countries attended the conference and engaged in panel discussions and “action groups" addressing specific issues that disenfranchise women and limit their potential.

The panels ranged from 'Women, economic accelerators of society', highlighting the fact that when a woman has a job, 90% of her income goes toward her family and how providing women with  access to education and credit helps to enhance the wellbeing of the household  to  'How to make mega-cities women-friendly’. This panel used the data from the recent Reuters poll which examined transportation safety and caught the headlines of mainstream media. Other panels dealt with topics such as  'Access to land, the biggest challenge for women's empowerment' discussing the challenges of property rights and access to credit as an essential tool to eradicate poverty;  'The Human cost of a bargain: Slavery in the modern supply chain' that highlighted corporate accountability, the need for sound monitoring mechanism and introduced the Memex project which counters human trafficking via domain specific indexing (highly specific internet content search); 'I was a slave: real stories of survival', heart breaking stories from the survivors themselves;  'The long road to freedom: the Psychological issues faced by slavery survivors' where survivors and health workers talked about how to deal with survivor’s long term traumatic disorders.

Muhammad Yunus - Chairman, Yunus Centre and Founder,Grameen Bank (Bangladesh)

The conference benefitted from high-profile speakers such as Emma Bonino, former Italian Foreign Minister; Muhammad Yunus, Nobel Laureate; Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Kailash Satyarthi; world renowned artist, Anish Kapoor; and Cyrus Vance Jr., District Attorney, New York County. They spoke with passion and above all spoke less of what is the harsh reality and more of what they are actually doing and what the world needs to do.

I also heard from Ellie, from Marcela, from Manan and from Evelyn. They did not have honorifics and fancy titles…. they are survivors who only a few years ago were slaves….slaves in the mines, domestic slaves and sex slaves.

The event featured two award ceremonies: The Trust Women Hero award presented to Fazle Hasan Abed, founder of BRAC for his innovative and high impact work that helped women to advance and defend their rights; and Chika Oduah, a Al Jazeera freelance journalist and producer  who received the Honorary Journalist Award recognizing her significant contribution to women's rights.

This year’s conference ended with the launch of  the End Child Slavery Week campaign. In the coming days, the organizers will announce the conference actions, wills and pledges.

As Kailash Satyarthi said  "To stop all forms of slavery, including child slavery we need to build a new culture of partnership and alliances, we need to enforce strong laws and we need to build a sense of urgency so that the world is forced into action".

Let me close this blogpost with one of the most touching sound
bites from one of the many survivors who is on the road of discovery and recovery…….. ’

I am not just a survivor,
I can do what you do, if you train me' …
Evelyn Chumbow, Survivor Advocate


P.S. I was able to attend this amazing conference thanks to my organization's reward and recognition programme.



18 November is Africa Statistics Day. The 2014 theme was “Open data for accountability and inclusiveness.” To commemorate the Africa Statistics Day, the Uganda Bureauof Statistics (UBOS), shared provisional results of the 10th National Population and Housing Census, 2014. The report was launched by his Excellency the Prime Minister, Hon. Dr. Ruhakana Rugunda.



Highlights from Uganda’s 2014 census


Uganda is now 34.9 million people, up by 10.7 million from the last census in 2002. The population is growing at 3.03% annually, and at this rate, is projected to increase to 35.0 million in 2015. The average household size is 4.9 people in rural areas, and 4.2 people in urban areas. The sex ratio (number of males per 100 females) has been declining throughout the post-independence period and is currently at 94.5 males per 100 females, down from 101.9 in 1969. The intriguing question is “what is happening to the males?” The UBOS Executive Director, Dr. Munghereza, called upon researchers to explore this question.

What are the implications of the census data?

Makerere University’s Dr. Ssekamate discussed the census results and pointed out the following:

  • The fast growth rate affects the ability to create and offer jobs 
  • Every year, around 1.5million births are added to Uganda’s population, and this needs to be taken into account during planning 
  • 10 million of the 34.9 million are still children, making the dependent population very high. Harnessing the population dividend is high priority, to reduce the high rate of dependants and grow a self-reliant population 
  • The constantly declining sex ratio should be investigated

With the census results, the National Planning Authority will now complete and release the second National Development Plan (NDP).


Open data for accountability and inclusiveness

A key note address on the day’s theme, delivered by Dr. Ham Mukasa Muliira, special presidential advisor on ICT, stressed the importance of the census in providing demographic, social and economic statistics to enable government plan optimally. Dr. Muliira underscored the importance of technology in creating expediency in handling census results. The art of collection, computing, analysing, processing, storage and dissemination of data is made easier by ICTs.

“The value of data is in holding governments accountable,” said Muliira.

Open data can freely be used, reused and redistributed by anyone, subject utmost, to the requirement to attribute and share alike. It is crucial in enhancing inclusiveness. It is characterised by availability and access, reuse and redistribution, and universal participation. Muliira further says that 
Open data improves inclusiveness by giving citizens the information they need to participate in public decision-making.

Open data promotes transparency, democratic control, and self-empowerment. It fosters efficiency and effectiveness of government services and enables innovations to thrive. These are some of the reasons why open data should be promoted.